Horses are herbivorous and essentially exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it is very much essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses so as to block both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are emphasized regarding feeding.
1. Do not offer non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all categories as they can’t digest like ruminants.
2. Horses should be provided dry matter at least 1.5percent of body weight.
3. Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 2.7 for light breeds
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds
4. The most typical concentrated feed given to horse are oats, barley, gram and wheat bran.
6. For greater use and assimilation of nutrients, the entire daily ration could be divided into 4-6 individual meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, prevent whole feeding before and after exercise and altering ration composition gradually are most important symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it is particular that fodder roughage is given before grains. But if chopped fodder is available then it may be mixed with grains or focus.
9. No group feeding is advised as far as grain feeding is concerned.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mix is added with targets.
12. For moderate work, it requires 0.86 kg DCP, 50 gm Calcium, 50 gm phosphorous and 135 mg carotene.
14. Horses should not be watered at least 20-30 minutes before and after vigorous exercise.
15. The requirement of drinking water is 36liters per day and may change according to seasons as in summer the requirement of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to offer water before feeding.
17. Generally speaking watering schedule, watering should be done three times per day in summer and twice a day at other seasons.
18. Early spring is considered as best breeding period in india.
19. Puberty is attained at age 18 months.
20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs of age when it attains 75 percent of body weight,
21. Eestrous cycle is 21 days and duration of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The ought to be bred two to three days after appearance of warmth symptoms.
23. The tail of the mare ought to be bandaged and kept away to one side in order to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, one stallion is sufficient for 30-40 mares.
26. One most observable sight at the time of parturition is that the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or 2 days prior to delivery.